Mount Elgon National Park

Mount Elgon National Park: The Hidden Gem of Uganda

AG Safaris welcomes you to the magical land of Uganda, where the natural beauty is simply breathtaking. Uganda, also known as the “Pearl of Africa,” boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna, including some of the world’s most stunning national parks. Among these is Mount Elgon National Park, located on the eastern border of Uganda, covering an area of 1,110 square kilometers. Mount Elgon is one of the oldest and largest extinct volcanoes in Africa, and is home to a variety of unique species, making it a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

Location and Climate

Mount Elgon National Park is located in the districts of Mbale and Kapchorwa, in the eastern region of Uganda, on the border with Kenya. The park is approximately 235 kilometers northeast of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, and can be reached via road, air, or rail. The park’s altitude ranges from 1,000 to 4,321 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest peaks in East Africa. The park’s climate is cool and wet, with an average temperature ranging between 15 and 25 degrees Celsius. The park receives rainfall throughout the year, with the heaviest rains occurring in March to May and October to November.


Mount Elgon National Park is a sanctuary for a wide range of wildlife species. The park is home to over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Lammergeier vulture and Jackson’s francolin, making it a haven for birdwatchers. In addition, the park has over 24 mammal species, including the elephant, buffalo, giant forest hog, and several primates such as the black and white colobus monkey, blue monkey, and baboons. The park is also home to a rare species of antelope known as the sitatunga, which is adapted to the marshy habitats found within the park.

Hiking and Trekking

Mount Elgon National Park offers one of the most exhilarating hiking and trekking experiences in Uganda. The park has several hiking trails that cater to different levels of fitness and experience. The most popular trails are the Sipi and Piswa trails, which take visitors through the lush forests and rocky slopes of Mount Elgon. The Sipi trail is a 7-kilometer hike that leads to the stunning Sipi Falls, a series of three waterfalls that cascade over 100 meters down the mountain. The Piswa trail is a longer hike that takes visitors through the park’s largest forest, and offers stunning views of the caldera and surrounding landscapes.

Cultural Tours

In addition to its natural beauty, Mount Elgon National Park is also rich in culture and history. The park is home to the Bagisu tribe, who are renowned for their ancient circumcision ceremonies. Visitors can participate in these ceremonies and learn about the Bagisu culture and traditions. The park also has several cultural sites, including the Nyero Rock Paintings, which are believed to be over 3,000 years old and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The paintings depict hunting scenes, animals, and human figures, and provide a glimpse into the region’s ancient history.


AG Safaris offers a range of accommodation options for visitors to Mount Elgon National Park. The park has several campsites that offer basic facilities for visitors who want to experience the park’s wilderness. For those who prefer more luxurious accommodation, the park has several lodges and resorts, including the Mount Elgon Lodge, which offers stunning views of the park and its surroundings. The lodge has spacious rooms, a restaurant, and a bar, and is the perfect place to relax after a long day of hiking and exploring.

Activities in and around Mount Elgon National Park

Besides hiking and trekking, Mount Elgon National Park offers a range of activities for visitors to enjoy. The park has several hot springs, including the Tutum Cave Hot Springs, which are located within the park’s forest. Visitors can relax and rejuvenate in the hot springs after a long day of hiking. The park also has several picnic sites, where visitors can enjoy a meal while taking in the park’s stunning scenery.

For those who want to explore the park’s surroundings, AG Safaris offers several day trips to nearby attractions. One of the most popular day trips is to the nearby town of Mbale, which is located at the foothills of Mount Elgon. Mbale is known for its vibrant markets, where visitors can shop for local handicrafts and souvenirs. The town is also home to several cultural sites, including the Nabuyonga Shrine, which is believed to be a spiritual home for the Bagisu tribe.

Another popular day trip is to the Sipi Falls, which are located outside the park. The Sipi Falls are a series of three waterfalls that are fed by the River Sipi, which originates from Mount Elgon. Visitors can hike to the falls and enjoy stunning views of the surrounding landscape. The falls are also a great place to relax and enjoy a picnic.

Conservation Efforts

Mount Elgon National Park is committed to the conservation of its unique biodiversity. The park is managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority, which is responsible for protecting the park’s wildlife and habitats. The park has several conservation programs in place, including anti-poaching patrols and community-based conservation initiatives. The park also works closely with local communities to promote sustainable tourism practices and to raise awareness about the importance of conservation.

Mount Elgon National Park is one of Uganda’s hidden gems, offering a unique combination of natural beauty, wildlife, culture, and adventure. AG Safaris invites you to explore this stunning destination and experience its rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. With its range of hiking trails, cultural tours, and other activities, Mount Elgon National Park is the perfect destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Book your trip with AG Safaris today and discover the wonders of Mount Elgon National Park.

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